What is carpal tunnel syndrome? It is a common condition that causes numbness, tingling, pain and discomfort in the hands or arms. Why does this condition occur you may ask? It has to do with the nerves in the hands. The median nerve is squeezed or compress as it travels through the wrist. This is often why people who have carpal tunnel, they experience symptoms often when they are asleep because their hand has been locked in one position for hours of time. This also often occurs for people who are sitting at desks or using a keyboard for a long period of time because the nerves are in an upright position and circulation may be lacking.
Risk Factors for Carpel Tunnel Include:
- Heredity: As with most medical conditions that are hereditary, this is likely an important factor. The carpal tunnel may be smaller in some people or there may be anatomic differences that change the amount of space for the nerve. These traits can run in families
- Repetitive hand use. This is hard to avoid because many of us for jobs or hobbies repeat the same hand motions for an extended period of time.
- Hand and wrist position. Activities that involve extreme flexion or extension of the hand and wrist for a prolonged period of time may aggravate the tendons in the wrist, causing swelling that puts pressure on the nerve.
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause swelling.
- Health conditions. Diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and thyroid gland imbalance are conditions that are associated with carpal tunnel syndrome.
For most patients, carpel tunnel can gradually get worse over time, if you are experiencing any of the carpel tunnel symptoms or believe you may be suffering from it, early diagnosis and treatment are important. Early on, symptoms can often be relieved with simple measures like wearing a wrist splint or avoiding certain areas.
If conditions worsen or do not get better after a certain period of time, there is a surgical option called carpal tunnel release, the goal of the procedure is to relieve pressure on the median nerve by cutting the ligament that forms the roof of the tunnel. This increases the size of the tunnel and decreases pressure on the median nerve. In most cases, this is an outpatient procedure and can be done under general anesthesia.
Medical Information was here: https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/carpal-tunnel-syndrome/